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Tech Q&A: Solving the mystery of Windows updates

Q: Several years ago, I purchased an HP Envy PC, model h8-1414. I’ve upgraded the operating system from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1 to Windows 10. Now I can’t get automatic Windows 10 updates to complete; the updates freeze and I’m forced to restart the PC. A few hours later, the PC tries to update Windows 10 again, with the same result. Because of this, I’m running Windows 10 version 1511, when I should have been updated to version 1709. Any suggestions?

— Francis Larriviere, Opelousas, La.

A: You have two problems. Your 2012 PC has reached the end of its ability to be updated to newer versions of Windows 10. In addition, the version of Windows 10 you are now using received its last security update in October, which will make it unsafe to use in the future.

The solution to both issues is to get a new PC.

How did you get into this fix? I suspect that your PC was barely compatible with the initial version of Windows 10 (aka version 1507) and the first update (1511), that were introduced in 2015. But it isn’t compatible with newer versions of Windows, such as last year’s Anniversary Update (1607) or this year’s Creators Update (1703) and Fall Creators Update (1709.) Note that your computer model doesn’t appear on HP’s lists of PCs that are compatible with the Anniversary Update (tinyurl.com/y7ezundu) or the Creators Update (tinyurl.com/yb2xlx5x)

What will happen next? Your PC will continue to work with Windows 10 version 1511. But without new security updates, it’s only a matter of time before it will fall victim to future hacker attacks or malware.

Whose fault is this? Not yours; you updated your PC as best you could. And not really Microsoft’s; it continues to automatically update Windows 10 free on compatible PCs. Blame the rapid pace of technology change, which makes the lifetime of a PC about five years.

Q: I have two Dell desktop PCs and a Dell laptop that run Windows 7 Professional. During all of 2017, the desktops have automatically downloaded operating system updates. But the laptop hasn’t received an update since the end of 2016. What can I do?

— Rich Mueller, Maple Grove, Minn.

A: It’s a software compatibility issue that’s easily fixed. Microsoft altered the software on its Windows 7 update servers this year. That disrupted the servers’ ability to communicate with PCs that had an outdated piece of upgrade software called an “agent.” The solution is to download new agent software that will enable your laptop to talk to the Microsoft servers again. (tinyurl.com/y79u5ekz)

— Whether you have a 32-bit or 64-bit processor chip on your laptop. To find out, go to Control Panel and click the “systems” icon. Then use either the “x32” or “x64” download link on the web page listed above.

— How to open the “zip” folder that will be downloaded to your PC. A zip folder is one that has been digitally compressed to make it download faster. To open such a folder, you “unzip” it by right-clicking the folder, choosing “extract all” from the resulting menu, and then following the instructions on the website above.

Steve Alexander covers technology for the Minneapolis Star Tribune. Readers may write to him at Tech QA, 425 Portland Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn. 55488-0002; email: steve.j.alexander@gmail.com. Please include a full name, city and phone number.

Tech Q&A: Solving the mystery of Windows updates

Q. Several years ago, I purchased an HP Envy PC, model h8-1414. I’ve upgraded the operating system from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1 to Windows 10. Now I can’t get automatic Windows 10 updates to complete; the updates freeze and I’m forced to restart the PC. A few hours later, the PC tries to update Windows 10 again, with the same result. Because of this, I’m running Windows 10 version 1511, when I should have been updated to version 1709. Any suggestions?

Francis Larriviere, Opelousas, La.

A. You have two problems. Your 2012 PC has reached the end of its ability to be updated to newer versions of Windows 10. In addition, the version of Windows 10 you are now using received its last security update in October, which will make it unsafe to use in the future.

The solution to both issues is to get a new PC.

How did you get into this fix? I suspect that your PC was barely compatible with the initial version of Windows 10 (aka version 1507) and the first update (1511), that were introduced in 2015. But it isn’t compatible with newer versions of Windows, such as last year’s Anniversary Update (1607) or this year’s Creators Update (1703) and Fall Creators Update (1709.) Note that your computer model doesn’t appear on HP’s lists of PCs that are compatible with the Anniversary Update ( tinyurl.com/y7ezundu ) or the Creators Update ( tinyurl.com/yb2xlx5x)

What will happen next? Your PC will continue to work with Windows 10 version 1511. But without new security updates, it’s only a matter of time before it will fall victim to future hacker attacks or malware.

Whose fault is this? Not yours; you updated your PC as best you could. And not really Microsoft’s; it continues to automatically update Windows 10 free on compatible PCs. Blame the rapid pace of technology change, which makes the lifetime of a PC about five years.

Q. I have two Dell desktop PCs and a Dell laptop that run Windows 7 Professional. During all of 2017, the desktops have automatically downloaded operating system updates. But the laptop hasn’t received an update since the end of 2016. What can I do?

Rich Mueller, Maple Grove, Minn.

A. It’s a software compatibility issue that’s easily fixed. Microsoft altered the software on its Windows 7 update servers this year. That disrupted the servers’ ability to communicate with PCs that had an outdated piece of upgrade software called an “agent.” The solution is to download new agent software that will enable your laptop to talk to the Microsoft servers again. ( tinyurl.com/y79u5ekz)

• Whether you have a 32-bit or 64-bit processor chip on your laptop. To find out, go to Control Panel and click the “systems” icon. Then use either the “x32” or “x64” download link on the web page listed above.

• How to open the “zip” folder that will be downloaded to your PC. A zip folder is one that has been digitally compressed to make it download faster. To open such a folder, you “unzip” it by right-clicking the folder, choosing “extract all” from the resulting menu, and then following the instructions on the website above.

Steve Alexander covers technology for the Minneapolis Star Tribune. Readers may write to him at Tech QA, 425 Portland Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn. 55488-0002; email: steve.j.alexander@gmail.com. Please include a full name, city and phone number.

Innovation is key to solving America’s health-care problems

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81fc0_104693972-GettyImages-127871289-biotech.530x298 Innovation is key to solving America's health-care problems

Medical technology innovation

In the last 30 years, breakthroughs in medical technology have transformed the treatment of cardiovascular disease with implantable defibrillators and drug-coated stents, of Type I diabetes with the sensor-based pumps and the advent of the artificial pancreas, and of spine, hip and knee surgery with implantable prostheses. Now, advancements in medical technology are addressing debilitating neurological diseases like Parkinson’s, incontinence and sleep apnea. With investment and imagination, the future of medical technology to help people seems almost unlimited.

Breakthrough drugs

Decades of scientific investment in genetics, genomics and proteomics have led to treating the immune system as the most promising way to cure cancer and other debilitating diseases. Breakthroughs in personalized medicine like immunotherapy and CAR-T therapy hold the potential for genuine cures, not just palliative treatments.

To make these high-priced treatments more affordable, they should be offered on a sliding scale based on ability to pay. Meanwhile, a wider array of generic drugs should be approved for traditional drugs such as statins to lower the overall cost of drug therapy. In addition, the multiple layers of drug distribution should be creatively disintermediated by direct-to-consumer approaches, thus dramatically cutting the overall cost of drug therapy.

Innovation in health-care delivery

In recent years, focus on health-care delivery has been making doctors and hospitals more efficient, leading to shortening appointments to less than 10 minutes — only enough time to issue a prescription without thorough diagnosis — often creating misdiagnosis and excessive drug use. Instead, we need to rethink the entire health-care delivery system by changing the basic model of one-to-one physician-patient interaction in a traditional health care institution by providing health care in community centers, YMCAs and retail centers like MinuteClinic (now owned by CVS), using nurses, allied health professionals and group classes.

Hospitals need to undergo massive consolidation to ensure that severe diseases and complex treatments can be carried out in the highest-volume centers that will lead to improved outcomes at lower costs. This will require clear movement away from fee-for-service to innovative health plans covering total costs with people having a fiscal stake in their health.

Innovative use of information

Health care’s information technology is woefully inadequate. From inability to match patient records with claims data to inadequate cost accounting data to poor transparency of prices to consumers, health care has been unable to provide even the basics of information. Now, however, opportunities to use the internet to connect patients and their basic information like EKGs to their physicians and health-care teams, along with artificial intelligence and big data married with patient data, offer entirely new fields for innovation, improved diagnosis, treatment and after-care.

Leading healthy lives

This fifth category of innovation – leading healthy lives – holds the greatest promise of all, as self-care becomes the new primary care. It is well known that unhealthy life styles account for 50 to 70 percent of health-care costs. For example, America’s obesity epidemic is the leading cause of Type II diabetes, heart disease, and spine, hip and knee issues. Yet instead of focusing on enabling people to lead healthy lives, we concentrate downstream on those who are sick and extremely ill to the point of nonrecovery.

To enable Americans to lead healthy lives, we should focus on three basic areas: 1) eating healthy, 2) physical fitness, and 3) stress reduction. How can innovation change life styles? Let’s look at some examples:

  1. Eating healthy. Innovative food and beverage companies, such as Boulder Brands and Suja Juice are transforming eating and drinking habits along with products like Earth Balance all-natural spreads, Udi’s gluten-free cereals and baked goods, and organic juices.
  2. Physical fitness. A relatively simple device like Fitbit has become transformative in changing people’s behavior by walking at least 10,000 steps per day or exercising in Lifetime Fitness clubs that focus on healthy living.
  3. Stress reduction. The mindfulness movement is revolutionizing daily behaviors that reduce stress through myriad mindfulness practices. Don’t know how to meditate? Innovative on-line products like Headspace provide guided meditation sessions and mindfulness training.

Today, the usage of these products is heavily concentrated among the middle and upper social-economic classes. The key now is to get them as ubiquitous as mobile phones by offering them in local communities and at lower prices.

For decades, American health-care systems have been mired in trying to become more efficient with essentially the same methods. What is needed to transform health care’s broken system is much more radical transformation that these innovations can bring. Rather than looking for political solutions to a broken system, the focus must shift to innovation to create more radical approaches that create entirely new systems.

Commentary by Bill George, a senior fellow at Harvard Business School, former chairman and CEO of Medtronic, and the author of “Discover Your True North.” He is a CNBC contributor. Follow him on Twitter @Bill_George.

For more insight from CNBC contributors, follow

@CNBCopinion

on Twitter.

81fc0_104693972-GettyImages-127871289-biotech.530x298 Innovation is key to solving America's health-care problems



Apple is finally solving its iPhone X problem | Fox News

Apple Senior Vice President of Worldwide Marketing, Phil Schiller, introduces the iPhone X during a launch event in Cupertino, California, U.S. September 12, 2017. REUTERS/Stephen Lam – HP1ED9C1I90DE

If you’re interested in Apple’s iPhone X, but have been annoyed with Apple’s shipping delays the last time you considered placing an order, reported improvements in iPhone X production have already started to shorten the smartphone’s delivery times.

According to a new report from KGI Securities analyst Ming-Chi Kuo, Apple’s supply chain has allegedly stepped up its game for iPhone X production. Foxconn’s iPhone X factories are now reportedly able to produce anywhere from 450,000–550,000 daily units instead of the 50,000–150,000 iPhone X smartphones it was producing just a few months ago.

According to Kuo, Apple’s suppliers were able to address two big bottlenecks for iPhone X production.

“(1) Hon Hai’s daily shipments of iPhone X have climbed to 450-550k units, up from 50-150k units 1-2 months ago; (2) shipments of Career’s LCP LTE antenna will likely grow 100% MoM in both November and December; and (3) production yield of Dot projection module, made by LG Innotek (KR) and Sharp (JP), has moved quickly above 80-90% or higher from below 60% 1-2 months ago,” he wrote in a report, which MacRumors obtained.

More From PCmag

Apple’s production has improved enough that Kuo said he believes iPhone X shipments for the fourth calendar quarter (not Apple’s fourth financial quarter, we note) could be anywhere from 10 to 20 percent higher than he originally estimated.

For smartphone shoppers, that means that some orders that originally had shipping estimates of 2018 might now actually ship before the end of the year. In general, shipping times for the iPhone X now hover around one to two weeks, versus the five- to six-week estimate early iPhone X buyers experienced.

“In our view, Apple wants consumers to receive their iPhone X as soon as possible. With production capacity rising substantially, it is only natural that buyers are seeing a shorter shipping time,” Kuo writes.

Kuo also notes that iPhone X shipments for the first calendar quarter of 2018 will now likely be flat or lower compared to the fourth quarter. That seems reasonable, given that the holiday shopping season is much more of a purchasing frenzy than, say, mid-February.

 

This article originally appeared on PCMag.com.

Apple is finally solving its iPhone X problem

Apple Senior Vice President of Worldwide Marketing, Phil Schiller, introduces the iPhone X during a launch event in Cupertino, California, U.S. September 12, 2017. REUTERS/Stephen Lam – HP1ED9C1I90DE

If you’re interested in Apple’s iPhone X, but have been annoyed with Apple’s shipping delays the last time you considered placing an order, reported improvements in iPhone X production have already started to shorten the smartphone’s delivery times.

According to a new report from KGI Securities analyst Ming-Chi Kuo, Apple’s supply chain has allegedly stepped up its game for iPhone X production. Foxconn’s iPhone X factories are now reportedly able to produce anywhere from 450,000–550,000 daily units instead of the 50,000–150,000 iPhone X smartphones it was producing just a few months ago.

According to Kuo, Apple’s suppliers were able to address two big bottlenecks for iPhone X production.

“(1) Hon Hai’s daily shipments of iPhone X have climbed to 450-550k units, up from 50-150k units 1-2 months ago; (2) shipments of Career’s LCP LTE antenna will likely grow 100% MoM in both November and December; and (3) production yield of Dot projection module, made by LG Innotek (KR) and Sharp (JP), has moved quickly above 80-90% or higher from below 60% 1-2 months ago,” he wrote in a report, which MacRumors obtained.

More From PCmag

Apple’s production has improved enough that Kuo said he believes iPhone X shipments for the fourth calendar quarter (not Apple’s fourth financial quarter, we note) could be anywhere from 10 to 20 percent higher than he originally estimated.

For smartphone shoppers, that means that some orders that originally had shipping estimates of 2018 might now actually ship before the end of the year. In general, shipping times for the iPhone X now hover around one to two weeks, versus the five- to six-week estimate early iPhone X buyers experienced.

“In our view, Apple wants consumers to receive their iPhone X as soon as possible. With production capacity rising substantially, it is only natural that buyers are seeing a shorter shipping time,” Kuo writes.

Kuo also notes that iPhone X shipments for the first calendar quarter of 2018 will now likely be flat or lower compared to the fourth quarter. That seems reasonable, given that the holiday shopping season is much more of a purchasing frenzy than, say, mid-February.

 

This article originally appeared on PCMag.com.

Tech Q&A: Solving the mystery of Windows updates

The reader’s version of Windows 10 received its last security update in October, which will make it unsafe to use in the future.

Q: Several years ago, I purchased an HP Envy PC, model h8-1414. I’ve upgraded the operating system from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1 to Windows 10. Now I can’t get automatic Windows 10 updates to complete; the updates freeze and I’m forced to restart the PC. A few hours later, the PC tries to update Windows 10 again, with the same result. Because of this, I’m running Windows 10 version 1511, when I should have been updated to version 1709. Any suggestions? 

A: You have two problems. Your 2012 PC has reached the end of its ability to be updated to newer versions of Windows 10. In addition, the version of Windows 10 you are now using received its last security update in October, which will make it unsafe to use in the future.

The solution to both issues is to get a new PC.

How did you get into this fix? I suspect that your PC was barely compatible with the initial version of Windows 10 (aka version 1507) and the first update (1511), that were introduced in 2015. But it isn’t compatible with newer versions of Windows, such as last year’s Anniversary Update (1607) or this year’s Creators Update (1703) and Fall Creators Update (1709.) Note that your computer model doesn’t appear on HP’s lists of PCs that are compatible with the Anniversary Update or the Creators Update.

READ MORE: What to expect from the latest Windows update

What will happen next? Your PC will continue to work with Windows 10 version 1511. But without new security updates, it’s only a matter of time before it will fall victim to hacker attacks or malware.

Whose fault is this? Not yours; you updated your PC as best you could. And not really Microsoft’s; it continues to automatically update Windows 10 free on compatible PCs. Blame the rapid pace of technology change, which makes the lifetime of a PC about five years.

Q: I have two Dell desktop PCs and a Dell laptop that run Windows 7 Professional. During all of 2017, the desktops have automatically downloaded operating system updates. But the laptop hasn’t received an update since the end of 2016. What can I do? 

A: It’s a software compatibility issue that’s easily fixed. Microsoft altered the software on its Windows 7 update servers earlier this year. That disrupted the servers’ ability to communicate with PC’s that had an outdated piece of upgrade software called an “agent.” The solution is to download new agent software that will enable your laptop to talk to the Microsoft servers again. Note that, to use this advice, you will need to know two things:

Whether you have a 32-bit or 64-bit processor chip on your laptop. To find out, go to Control Panel and click the “systems” icon. Then use either the “x32” or “x64” download link.

How to open the “zip” folder that will be downloaded to your PC. A zip folder is one that has been digitally compressed to make it download faster. To open such a folder, you “unzip” it by right-clicking the folder, choosing “extract all” from the resulting menu, and then following the instructions on the website above.

– Steve Alexander covers technology for the Minneapolis Star Tribune


 – MCT

Next Digital Living story:

The ‘Big Five’ could destroy the tech ecosystem

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Tech Q&A: Solving the mystery of Windows updates

The reader’s version of Windows 10 received its last security update in October, which will make it unsafe to use in the future.

Q: Several years ago, I purchased an HP Envy PC, model h8-1414. I’ve upgraded the operating system from Windows 8 to Windows 8.1 to Windows 10. Now I can’t get automatic Windows 10 updates to complete; the updates freeze and I’m forced to restart the PC. A few hours later, the PC tries to update Windows 10 again, with the same result. Because of this, I’m running Windows 10 version 1511, when I should have been updated to version 1709. Any suggestions? 

A: You have two problems. Your 2012 PC has reached the end of its ability to be updated to newer versions of Windows 10. In addition, the version of Windows 10 you are now using received its last security update in October, which will make it unsafe to use in the future.

The solution to both issues is to get a new PC.

How did you get into this fix? I suspect that your PC was barely compatible with the initial version of Windows 10 (aka version 1507) and the first update (1511), that were introduced in 2015. But it isn’t compatible with newer versions of Windows, such as last year’s Anniversary Update (1607) or this year’s Creators Update (1703) and Fall Creators Update (1709.) Note that your computer model doesn’t appear on HP’s lists of PCs that are compatible with the Anniversary Update or the Creators Update.

READ MORE: What to expect from the latest Windows update

What will happen next? Your PC will continue to work with Windows 10 version 1511. But without new security updates, it’s only a matter of time before it will fall victim to hacker attacks or malware.

Whose fault is this? Not yours; you updated your PC as best you could. And not really Microsoft’s; it continues to automatically update Windows 10 free on compatible PCs. Blame the rapid pace of technology change, which makes the lifetime of a PC about five years.

Q: I have two Dell desktop PCs and a Dell laptop that run Windows 7 Professional. During all of 2017, the desktops have automatically downloaded operating system updates. But the laptop hasn’t received an update since the end of 2016. What can I do? 

A: It’s a software compatibility issue that’s easily fixed. Microsoft altered the software on its Windows 7 update servers earlier this year. That disrupted the servers’ ability to communicate with PC’s that had an outdated piece of upgrade software called an “agent.” The solution is to download new agent software that will enable your laptop to talk to the Microsoft servers again. Note that, to use this advice, you will need to know two things:

Whether you have a 32-bit or 64-bit processor chip on your laptop. To find out, go to Control Panel and click the “systems” icon. Then use either the “x32” or “x64” download link.

How to open the “zip” folder that will be downloaded to your PC. A zip folder is one that has been digitally compressed to make it download faster. To open such a folder, you “unzip” it by right-clicking the folder, choosing “extract all” from the resulting menu, and then following the instructions on the website above.

– Steve Alexander covers technology for the Minneapolis Star Tribune


 – MCT

Next Digital Living story:

The ‘Big Five’ could destroy the tech ecosystem

Technology Homepage

Love learning and problem solving? You might find a future in computer work

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Kim Komando tells you what to do, and what old advice to ignore, about creating passwords that will thwart hackers.

This year, the St. Cloud Times is taking a closer look at good-paying science, technology, engineering and mathematics-related careers experiencing rising demand in the St. Cloud area. It’s part of the project called Spark: Igniting Your Future.

This month we are focused on careers in cybersecurity and computer user support.

We sat down with Tirthankar Ghosh, a professor of computer science and information technology at St. Cloud State University. He developed the university’s cybersecurity program — the only undergraduate cybersecurity program in the Minnesota State university system. He also shared tips for turning a two-year degree in computer sciences into a four-year degree, as well as advice for climbing the industry ladder with on-the-job training.

Question: Could you share some examples of good-paying cybersecurity jobs available in the St. Cloud area? And could you speak to the demand for these types of jobs?

Answer: There is a whole spectrum of job titles you have to go through, where cybersecurity can match many of those job titles. For example, if you look at an information technologies specialist, and you look at the roles and responsibilities, some of those roles include cybersecurity. If you look at the job network engineer, some of those are cybersecurity jobs. Security is embedded into everything we do today.

So if you look at computing as an umbrella, the two most in-demand jobs are cybersecuirty and software development. Here in St. Cloud, employers that we talk to express a strong cybersecurity demand and software development demand. Those are the two areas we are seeing, and it’s not only St. Cloud, it’s also the national picture.

Q: What are some of the most important skills for someone working in this field?

A: We surveyed area employers, and the three or four skills that came to the top were critical analytical thinking, problem solving, communications and technical competency. We also talk about some of the soft skills, like learning how to learn. Technology is changing every day, so we have to learn how to learn and keep evolving with the technology. Also something else I hear employers mention, even though it’s not technically a skill, is passion. 

Q: How important is on-the-job training for careers in computer user support and cybersecurity?

A: It’s important because the rate at which this profession is changing is unbelievable. It’s almost every week, every other day rather, we’re seeing new developments, new types of what we call attack vectors. We’re almost ubiquitously connected to the internet with almost everything we own today — smart watches, refrigerators and coffee machines — everything is connected to the internet or will be. Every time something new connects online, we call that an attack surface. People will come and exploit it. So the rate at which things change in our field makes it extremely important to have on-the-job training. Most employers provide it or incent employees to go out and get additional training.

Q: What advice would you have for a high school student who may not be ready to commit to a four-year program? What would you recommend as a starting point on their path to a continuing education?

A: A two-year college is a good starting point. A lot of two-year colleges now are coming up with two-year cybersecurity programs, so they can take that, or network administration or computer support even. If they are still not ready to come to a four-year college, they can go out and get a job. There are plenty of good-paying jobs available for two-year graduates also in this field, and they can work and then two, or three or five years down the road come back to get a four-year degree. The reason I’m emphasizing a four-year degree is not because I teach at a four-year institution, it is because we’re always hearing back from employers, even those who hire two-year graduates, that they’re always looking for someone who can move up and advance in their career.

Q: What types of high school courses and/or activities can best prepare someone for pursuing a degree in computer user support or cybersecurity?

A: If they are thinking of pursuing a profession in computing in general, some of those AP (advanced placement) classes help. AP computer science is a must, I would say. If they come to a two-year or four-year college with some programming courses they already took, that really prepares them for the profession. I think of AP statistics and AP calculus and those types of courses as well.

For the last few years, quite a few summer camps on cybersecurity have been going on around the country. The National Science Foundation and the National Security Agency started GenCyber summer camps. We actually ran two GenCyber camps in the summers of 2015 and 2016, and we are planning to run two camps again in 2018 if we get the funding. Last year, there were more than 130 camps across the country.

Q: How did your college and professional experience prepare you for a career educating others interested in the industry?

A: I was trained as an engineer and then worked in industry with no thought of teaching or anything. Then when I came back to grad school, I developed a passion for teaching. My approach to designing curriculum does not follow a traditional path. I work very closely with a lot of companies in the industry and involve them in our curriculum design with guest lectures, projects and that sort of stuff. So professionally, I’m quite involved with industry, and that helps my students because they get involved with the companies as well. My students are getting exposed to real-world projects. This is absolutely a win-win-win.

Q: What do former students say they find most enjoyable and/or challenging about their work in this career field?

A: The constantly changing technology is both enjoyable and challenging at the same time. The learning thing is never static, it’s always dynamic. It is a challenge to keep up with everything that’s happening in computing in general, but cybersecurity in particular. Some of them that I’ve talked to also expressed that they feel a purpose in their life, which is using cybersecurity to help others. Especially those students who go on to work with the government, they strongly suggest the sentiment that they are protecting the country and doing something for their fellow citizens.

Q: Is there any additional advice you’d like to share?

A: I want students to keep in mind scholarship opportunities and camps like the GenCyber camps. My other advice would be just find a passion, whatever you want to do, and pursue that. There are tons of opportunities in this field. There are more jobs than there are students. Finding a job is not a problem. If you are really passionate in the field and interested in pursuing this as a profession, you will find that a lot of doors will open up for you, and you get to choose whichever door you want to walk through.

Online: Read all stories for Spark: Igniting Your Future at www.sctimes.com/spark.

Follow business reporter Matt Perkins on Twitter at @sctimesmatt. You can contact him at 320-259-3662 or mperkins@stcloudtimes.com.

About Tirthankar Ghosh

Job: Professor in the department of computer science and information technology at St. Cloud State University, where he has worked for more than 12 years.

Expertise: Teaches in the cybersecurity program he developed. It’s one of three programs in the department, with computer science and software engineering being the other two.

Education and experience: Bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering undergraduate. Worked in the industry for a little more than six years before getting master’s and doctorate degrees in electrical computer engineering.

Learn more

  • To learn more about the bachelor’s and master’s programs in cybersecurity and computer sciences at St. Cloud State University, contact the admissions office at 320-308-2244 or 1-877-654-SCSU. 
  • To learn about technology programs at St. Cloud Technical  Community College, call the admissions office at 320-308-5089
  • To learn about technology programs at Rasmussen College, call the admissions office at 888-549-6755.